Key Topics

The EUKI-projects work on the topics of Awareness, Energy, Mobility, Cross-cutting Climate Policy, Buildings and Municipalities, Climate-proof Finance and Sustainable Economy.

‘Heroes of Just Transition’ features seven stories from coal communities around Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), their challanges and their solutions.

Cycling as an Element of Urban Climate Mitigation Policy

Cycling as an Element of Urban Climate Mitigation Policy

The project has been completed. It developed strategies for five European cities with a view to boosting urban cycling and therefore improving climate protection at a local level.


Urbanisation is increasing all over the world, with more and more people living in cities. So the urban mobility sector is playing a key role in helping avoid greenhouse gas emissions. At a local level, it is essential to come up with intelligent solutions for environmentally friendly mobility and transforming transport systems in large conurbations. Traffic emissions in cities need to be kept at a low level or even reduced. Quality of life, time efficiency and health should also improve at the same.

Car-centred transport concepts from the previous century need to be rethought and more effort made to promote cycling. Bicycles are more time-efficient, quiet, environmentally friendly and healthy than cars.




The project was operating in Tartu (Estonia), Riga (Latvia), Warsaw (Poland), Velika Gorica (Croatia) and Drama (Greece). In each city, the current cycling situation was first of all analysed and evaluated. Then the team looked, for example, at where more cycle paths might be built, how the issue might be integrated into future urban planning or how, say, to better promote the use of e-bikes and cargo bikes.

The results fed into the collaboration with the cities and municipalities. This process involved developing specific strategies to promote cycling as a form of urban mobility. The project also came up with recommendations on how to promote cycling at a national level. Seminars were held and strategy papers published with a view to reaching even more municipalities.


  • So-called BYPADs (Bicycle Policy Audits) were conducted in Riga, Velika Gorica, Tartu and Warsaw. BYPAD is a method that municipalities can use to further develop their cycling policy. Cities, municipalities and regions assess the quality of their cycling policy, along with contributions from traffic planners, NGO members, cyclists and local politicians. The audit provides a detailed analysis and makes specific proposals for the locality in question as to what measures should be taken to drive improvement. Then the cities developed individual strategic approaches that address specific circumstances and conditions in partner cities. They reflect the current situation, as well as realistic opportunities for the future.
  • In each partner country, there was an analysis to establish which documents have an impact on the promotion of cycling at national level or contain cycling-specific targets and initiatives. This policy mapping covered the transport, environment, spatial planning, business, health and tourism sectors. Lastly, documents containing cycling-specific measures were predominantly implemented in the transport, environment and spatial planning sectors in the five countries. Policy areas with the weakest links to cycling were business, tourism and education. It also emerged that no national cycling strategy had taken effect so far in most countries at the time of the analysis in 2019.
  • In total, the project came up with 25 policy recommendations for the five countries. In Estonia, Croatia, Latvia and Greece, the focus was on updating standards or development plans for cycling. For Slovakia, Latvia and Croatia, the project has inspired specific safety measures such as cycle paths, a safety distance of 1.5 m (to be respected when driving alongside or overtaking bicycles) and 30 km/h zones. In addition, traffic calming and safety recommendations were proposed, in particular in Greece and Latvia. Other recommendations concerned prioritising cycling, such as providing mandatory parking facilities for bicycles and encouraging companies to adopt a sustainable approach to employee mobility.

Project information

Updated: September 2021

Countries: Croatia, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia

Project duration: 11/17 - 02/20

Funding: 462,728 €

Target groups: Cities, towns and municipalities

Implementing organisation:
Baltic Environmental Forum Deutschland

Project Partners:
Baltic Environmental Forum Estonia, City of Tartu, City of Velika Gorica, City of Warsaw, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Ecocity, Foundation Earth and People, National Observatory of Athens, National Technical University of Athens, Society for Sustainable Development Design, Union of Latvian Cyclists


This project is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). EUKI is a project financing instrument by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK). The EUKI call for project ideas is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. It is the overarching goal of the EUKI to foster climate cooperation within the European Union (EU) in order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.


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Accelerating the Energy Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe and Learning from the German Experience

This project will step up the role of civil society in increasing the climate ambition in CEE countries where climate policy has been traditionally difficult to implement.

In 21 case studies, the BEACON project investigated successful national climate policies in the EU and their transferability to the German context.