Empowering local communities in Croatia and Serbia to become energy prosumers and form energy communities through educational activities on legislative, technical, and financial topics.
The European Union’s Solar strategy envisions the establishment of energy communities in every municipality and town with more than 10.000 inhabitants by 2025. Energy communities organise collective energy actions through a high degree of citizen participation, contributing to the clean energy transition and using energy more efficiently within local communities. In line with that, the European directive encourages citizens to become energy producers – not just consumers –, hence, defining them as energy prosumers. However, national legislation is discouraging at best and mostly complex or even non-existing. Neither Croatia nor Serbia has established energy communities so far. In Croatia, the legal establishment of such a community is yet to be defined by bylaws and in Serbia, the ruling legislation promotes housing communities as the legal entity for getting prosumer status but does not recognise citizen energy communicates. Additionally, local authorities’ capacities and competencies are capable of improvement.
In cooperation with municipal authorities, citizens, and other local partners such as small and medium-sized enterprises and non-governmental organisations, the project establishes citizen energy communities (CEC) in Croatia and Serbia. The project analyses legislation in partner countries and provides recommendations and funding options for local authorities and citizens as well as implementation guidelines to improve their knowledge in the establishment of such CECs. Within two municipalities – one in Serbia and one in Croatia – and with the help of best practices from Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm as an exemplary town, the project contributes to forming energy communities as demonstrational examples and to conducting a subsequent study.
Within the two newly established CECs, citizens will apply their acquainted knowledge, and become prosumers as well as active participants in the energy market ensuring the sustainability and sufficiency of local communities. Finally, the project results’ dissemination gives other local authorities the opportunity to learn from these examples and use the developed guidelines to establish energy communities in other municipalities in Croatia, Serbia, and further European countries.
Updated: February 2023
Countries: Croatia, Serbia
Project duration: 02/23 - 03/25
Funding: 239,057 €
Target groups: Cities, towns and municipalities, Civil Society, Regional governments
Society for Sustainable Development Design (DOOR)
Regional Development Agency Srem
Mrs Maja Bratko
Organisation: Društvo za oblikovanje održivog razvoja
Slavka Batušića 7
10 000 Zagreb
This project is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). EUKI is a project financing instrument by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK). The EUKI call for project ideas is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. It is the overarching goal of the EUKI to foster climate cooperation within the European Union (EU) in order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
European Climate Initiative (EUKI)
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