News report

Young People in the Balkans Want to End Coal Use

by Sofia Shabafrouz, GIZ/EUKI

No one should be left behind as a result of structural change in the coal-mining regions of the Balkans. School and university students attend hackathons, where they brainstorm and develop ideas and engage in round-table discussions on how to realise these ideas. The EUKI-funded project Panda Labs Junior for Just Transition  sees them trying their hand at green entrepreneurship.

Panda Labs Junior for Just Transition (PLJ4JT) are seeking to achieve a just phase-out of coal-based energy in the coal-mining regions of Bulgaria, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia. Transitioning to a climate-friendly way of life and doing business in these regions has been a key priority of the World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) for many years now. The organisation has already drawn upon EUKI funding for its work in this area as part of past projects. WWF and the other organisations involved in the project are now placing a particular focus on youth work: ‘We want to use our project to get young people involved in building a better future in these regions,’ says Viktoria Tabakova, Youth Engagement Coordinator at WWF Bulgaria.

‘The ability to look at different problems from a fresh perspective makes youth so integral to finding sustainable solutions to the current environmental crisis. While not always coherent and polished, their ideas contain unique insights and approaches yet to be examined or heard. Our award-winning programme sheds light on the importance of giving young people the chance to take charge of their own future.’


Promoting green entrepreneurship

The project seeks to turn the old coal-mining regions into more sustainable places offering a better quality of life for young people and subsequent generations. This requires that local youth recognise the potential of their home regions, get inspired about climate action and environmental conservation, and work to bring about structural change. The EUKI-funded Panda Labs Junior for Just Transition travel to the young people in these regions – more specifically, to secondary schools in coal-mining towns and cities. They use specially designed curricula to train students in green entrepreneurship with a view to seeing lost mining jobs replaced by new viable forms of employment that do not pollute the environment. The Panda Labs employ a highly practical and participatory approach, organising workshops at secondary schools as well as programmes at selected universities offering students the chance to be mentored by successful green entrepreneurs. Participants from schools and universities gather for hackathons and work together in teams to develop green start-up ideas. The education programme also features a business game in which young people assume the roles of decision-makers, business and trade-union representatives, and discuss things such as land-use plans. They then participate in round-table discussions with the mayors of their respective municipalities, during which they have an opportunity to ask questions and express their opinions.

Thinking out of the box

‘Nature conservation is a complex endeavour, with many pieces of the puzzle still missing. We need more research and development. We must invest time and energy in innovations to find those missing pieces. Young people are the best source of innovation. By thinking out of the box, they can generate ideas, helping us solve some of the most difficult environmental challenges.’


‘It’s all about developing models and prototypes, testing their feasibility and sharing promising solutions with the larger network. Once we’ve selected the best teams and their ideas, these teams participate in further Panda Lab conferences with delegates from a number of different countries,’ explains Kostadin Andonov, Youth Engagement and Innovation Manager at WWF Bulgaria.

Achievements and long-term results

After six hackathons in four target countries, attended by 364 young people in total, the project caught the attention of the Representation of the European Commission in Sofia, which offered the best two teams from the Bulgarian hackathons the opportunity to visit the European Union institutions in Brussels. The trip, which was organised by Junior Achievement Bulgaria and ran from 19 to 21 October 2022, was undertaken by seven school students from Kyustendil.

‘The Panda Labs journey that I have been on has been really useful and educational. I’ve developed skills for teamwork and public speaking. My trip to Brussels and visit to the European Commission were also one of the most valuable experiences of my life, helping me to choose what to dо in my professional career. It was really exciting to be there meeting all these inspiring people.’

The team in Bulgaria has already won two national accolades for the successful EUKI Panda Labs project – the ESG Award from PwC for Best Education Programme and a further award for Most Successful Partnership with Kaufland Bulgaria.

WWF will continue the education programme devised for schools and universities once EUKI project funding expires in September 2023. There are plans to roll the programme out to further coal-mining regions in Bulgaria and other countries.

WWF’s Panda Labs are underpinned by a global community whose members work together to find solutions, innovations and partnerships for tackling environmental problems at global and local level. The Panda Labs Junior for Just Transition project is being run by WWF Bulgaria, Junior Achievement Bulgaria, Junior Achievement North Macedonia, WWF Adria-Serbia and Eco Team Sofia.