This briefing offers a deep dive into the positioning of key stakeholders as well as opportunities and challenges for a transition away from coal in some of Europe’s most coal-dependent regions.


Report: The Political Economy of the Low Carbon Transition: Climate & Energy Snapshot Romania

This report by E3G studies the progress of energy transition in Romania. In concrete, national conditions, political system, and external projection are analysed.

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Accelerating the Energy Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe and Learning from the German Experience


Report: The Political Economy of the Low Carbon Transition: Climate & Energy Snapshot Bulgaria

This report by E3G studies the progress of energy transition in Bulgaria. In concrete, national conditions, political system, and external projection are analysed.

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Accelerating the Energy Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe and Learning from the German Experience


Report: Funding the Just Transition to a Net Zero Economy in Europe: Opportunities in the Next EU Budget

The next European Multi-Annual Financial Framework (MFF) has the means to underpin Europe’s support to help achieve a just transition to a net zero carbon economy. This report aims to assess the Commission’s recently released sectoral proposals for the period 2021-2027. It explores the contribution of several instruments – Cohesion Policy Funds, European Social Fund Plus, InvestEU, Horizon Europe and European Globalisation Adjustment Fund – to the just transition agenda. It also identifies options for the EU regulator to better align funds with this agenda.

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Accelerating the Energy Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe and Learning from the German Experience