Alleviating Energy Poverty in Romania

Increasing the capacity of local stakeholders in the Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area (CNMA) by designing a new strategy to mitigate GHG emissions through energy poverty (EP) alleviation.


Project info



Project duration:

11/19 - 04/21

Target groups:

Public sector, Civil Society


141,970.10 €

Contact info


George Jiglau

Implementing organisation
  • adelphi research gGmbH
  • Municipality of Cluj-Napoca


EP affects especially South-Eastern Europe persistently, resulting in high energy demand, GHG emissions, and a lower quality of life. In Romania, it affects over 20 per cent of households. The driving factors are low energy efficiency in housing and household appliances, inadequate consumption habits, limited access to diversified sources, rising energy prices, and low income. Cluj-Napoca and CNMA are illustrative of energy poverty in Romania, comprising all its potential factors and negative effects in a very rapidly developing urban setting.

Not all barriers to increase energy efficiency and related climate effects have yet been addressed: EP with its ramifications is not properly understood and integrated into policy-making, especially locally; specific data are absent and there is hardly any analysis of the correlation between existing data sets, whereas existing data does not materialize in policy tools. For all these reasons, there is also a general lack of information and engagement of relevant stakeholders.

To change this, public awareness-raising and better preparation of the local decision-makers to take action on the issue and to prepare them for the implementation based on real data indicators is important.

Power pole, Photo: ©Pixabay

Over a period of 1.5 years, the project includes four actions. First, mapping the socio-spatial dimensions of EP and quantifying its impact on households and GHG emissions. Second, delivering a strategy proposal and policy paper on energy poverty in Cluj-Napoca. Third, developing an online information platform which will inform individual tenants and tenant associations and allow them to evaluate their situation and access individualized decisions on how to improve their energy consumption and related climate effects. Fourth, delivering a series of stakeholder workshops as well as upscaling and dissemination activities.


To reduce energy demand and GHG emissions in the targeted region, the project wants to develop tailored solutions for EP alleviation. It addresses local authorities in Cluj-Napoca, individual tenants and tenant associations, energy providers, NGOs, and universities, aiming to raise awareness for EP and to jointly develop possible solutions. By integrating EP alleviation into the regional and national climate policy strategies, it wants to increase CNMA’s and Romania’s climate action.

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