Report: How to Assess Investment Needs and Gaps in Relation to National Climate and Energy Policy Targets?
By providing a review of existing models and studies, the report addresses the question of how to assess investment needs and gaps in relation to national climate and energy policy targets. Investment needs assessments are relevant to make long-term investment-related decisions, both for the public and private sectors. This is particularly the case when market failures and public goods require policy intervention to achieve a socially optimal level and allocation of capital. Across the different studies, which model Germany’s investment needs to reach climate targets in 2030 or 2050, figures range from EUR 24.9 billion to EUR 58.5 billion annually. To understand why these figures are different and to make the best use of these figures and other model outputs, it is important to understand the difference in their modelling framework, underlying drivers and assumptions.