Norway’s global leadership role in the promotion of electric vehicles (EVs) is due to early and comprehensive policy interventions. Other countries can learn from it.

Bonus Malus Vehicle Incentive System France

Factsheet: Bonus-Malus Vehicle Incentive System (France)

The French Bonus-Malus System is one of the main climate policy instruments in the French transport sector and has successfully contributed to reducing average passenger car emissions since its implementation in 2008. The scheme uses revenues from fees for emission-intensive vehicles to finance bonus payments for electric vehicles (EVs) to incentivise the car purchase decision. The study by Navigant and adelphi analyses the transferability of the Bonus-Malus System to the German context.

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Delivering the EU-2030 and Long Term Climate Objectives in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, with a Specific Focus on Transport

Delivering the EU-2030 and Long Term Climate Objectives in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, with a Specific Focus on Transport

The aim of the project is to enhance the role of NGOs and civil society in the national and regional decision-making process in the context of the implementation of the EU Effort Sharing Regulation.


This will be done by encouraging intra-EU dialogue among the target countries and others, promoting the exchange of best practices and identification of opportunities. The project coordinators and the project implementing partners will create an EU platform that stimulates intra-EU dialogue, shares best practices and informs national debates with a view to delivering the EU’s 2030 climate targets defined by the Effort Sharing Regulation. The platform’s focus will be reducing road transport emissions and demonstrating how reduced fuel use helps create socio-economic opportunities. NGO-capacity will be built in five Central, Eastern and Southern (CES) countries: Spain, Italy, Poland, Romania, and Hungary. By conducting research and providing accurate information on emission reduction potential, economic opportunities and innovation, the partnership aims at having a positive impact in the national climate and energy legislation that will fulfill the EU’s climate and energy objectives.


Graphic: Transport & Environment


Transport emissions are an increasing problem for the EU, and its emissions are projected not to decrease in the coming years if no action is taken. For measures to be adopted, the EU member states need to have strong and strict climate policy and regulation. These policies will be a motivation for and will lead to the implementation of existing measures to decarbonise the transport sector, such as improvement in efficiency standards for cars, cleaner energy for transport (such as renewable electricity), promotion of public transport, etc.   The EU Effort Sharing Regulation is an essential starting point for these measures to kick off. This regulation has now been finalised in the EU context, and member states will have to implement it in the coming months and years. Transport & Environment has more than 25 years expertise on transport decarbonisation policies. While working in different specific topics (aviation, energy for transport, cars, etc.), T&E, together with its members, also focuses on European climate policy to make it strong, meaningful and fit-for-purpose, in order to achieve EU’s own climate goals as well as those acquired through the UNFCCC’s Paris Agreement.

Project information

Updated: September 2019

Countries: Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Spain

Project duration: 12/17 - 05/19

Funding: 309,526 €

Target groups: Governments, NGOs, Regional governments

Implementing organisation:
Transport & Environment

Project Partners:
2Celsius, Carbon Market Watch, Clean Air Action Group, Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH), Inspro



The European Climate Initiative (EUKI):

Potsdamer Platz 10,
10117 Berlin – Deutschland
Tel.: +49 (0)30 338424 570

The European Climate Initiative (EUKI):

This project is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). EUKI is a project financing instrument by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK). The EUKI competition for project ideas is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. It is the overarching goal of the EUKI to foster climate cooperation within the European Union (EU) in order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

For more information on the EUKI:

This study analysis the impacts and consequences of the adopted Climate Action Regulation (CAR) with a focus on Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania and Spain.

Modal Shift Policy Switzerland

Factsheet: Modal Shift Policy (Switzerland)

The Swiss modal shift policy is an ambitious policy package for shifting freight traffic from road to rail. Switzerland is successful with the concept, although not all objectives have been achieved. The study by adelphi and Navigant examines the transferability to the German context.

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