Addressing Climate Change in Cities – Policy Instruments to Promote Urban Nature-based Solutions
Nature-based solutions (NBS) are solutions that are inspired and supported by nature. Although significant potential exists, NBS remain underutilized by cities as solution to address climate change. Barriers that have prevented wider uptake in the European context include a lack of relevant experience with and knowledge of NBS planning and implementation as well as a shortage of locally adapted policy instruments to support mainstreaming across sectoral policies.
This guidance document, published by Ecologic Insitute and the Sendzimir Foundation, responds to these gaps and highlights a range of policy and supporting instruments relevant for NBS design, implementation and maintenance. The guidance aims to support policymakers, city officials and local citizens and initiatives in the design and implementation of such policy instruments for increased NBS implementation. Each instrument is briefly described, including how it works and what benefits it can deliver. Case studies from Germany and Europe showcasing how different cities approach NBS and foster their integration into their policy frameworks illustrate each of the instruments.